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Orthodontics Glossary

ORTHODONTIC DICTIONARY

Appliance
A device that assists in the straightening of teeth. Examples are braces, Invisalign, and retainers

Archwire
The wire that extends through each bracket slot in braces

Band
A metal device that wraps around the tooth to hold a bracket or tube securely in place

Bite Turbo
A small orthodontic device placed on the back of the upper front teeth to prevent full closure of the teeth. This protects the lower braces from being damaged or broken from biting down completely. This is used temporarily until bite is opened with the appliances.

Bonding
The technique of attaching an orthodontic device directly to the enamel of the tooth with adhesive

Bracket
The metal device (also referred to as a brace) for attaching the archwire to the tooth or band

Coil Spring
A spring that fits between the bracket and the archwire to open space between teeth

Elastic
A small rubber band that attaches to the braces to exert forces on teeth to facilitate movement

Elastic Tie
A small rubber band that encircles the bracket to seat the archwire in the bracket slot. These are commonly referred to as the “colors” and are changed at every visit.

Hook
A small device to which elastics or other auxiliary devices are attached

Invisalign
A type of treatment that uses a series of clear plastic aligners to gradually move teeth

Ligature
A wire used to tie a tooth to an orthodontic appliance or another tooth

MARA  Appliance
A device that corrects overbite by holding the lower jaw in a protrusive position

Mouth Guard
A tooth or gum shield worn by patients (athletes) to prevent injuries during sports activities

Occlusal Bonding
Composite material placed on the biting surface of the back teeth to prevent full closure of the teeth.This protects the lower braces from being damaged or broken from biting down completely. This is used temporarily until bite is opened with the appliances.

Palatal Expander
A device used to widen the upper jaw so that the upper and lower teeth will fit together

Retainer
A device, usually made of plastic and wires, to hold teeth in position after treatment

Separator
A device or instrument designed to wedge teeth apart, particularly teeth in tight contact. Frequently used for the examination of proximal surfaces, finishing a restoration or before banding

Wax
A soft, malleable substance placed on brackets to prevent rubbing or irritation
 
ORTHODONTIC PROCEDURES

Consultation
The first evaluation with the orthodontist. Typically, this is a visual examination where the doctor identifies treatment needs and develops a customized treatment plan. Financial information and insurance questions can also be addressed at this appointment with the treatment coordinator.

Orthodontic Records
Impressions of the teeth, photos of the face and teeth, panoramic and cephalometric x-rays

Impression
A replica of teeth and oral tissue made from a thick liquid material that sets as a solid rubber mass

Photos
A series of facial and dental photos taken before and after orthodontic treatment

Panoramic X-ray
A diagnostic tool used for treatment planning and is part of standard orthodontic records. This x-ray is different than those taken by your regular dentist during your cleaning visits.

Cephalometric X-ray
A diagnostic tool used for treatment planning and is part of standard orthodontic records. This x-ray is different than those taken by your regular dentist during your cleaning visits.

Banding
The process of adhering bands to teeth

Bonding
The attachment of an orthodontic device directly to the tooth enamel
             
Debanding/Debonding
The process of removing orthodontic appliances from the teeth

Contact Us

248-437-3377
smile@crescentorthodontics.com
google maps57198 Ten Mile Road,
South Lyon, MI 48178

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